Geography for General Studies UPSC IAS

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You get both PDF and DOC of Geography notes with this purchase

Geography PDF

  • 580 pages
  • 300-400 page equivalent of a standard book
  • ~50% of the space is occupied by images
  • File Size = 40 MB

Geography DOC/MS Word

  • 900 pages [Content is same in both PDF & DOC. Difference in number of pages is due to formatting style]
  • File size = 63 MB

Geography Sample Files

Geography Contents

Geomorphology

  • Earth’s Interior – Earthquake Waves – Shadow Zone
  • Earth’s Layers – Earth’s Composition
  • Earth Movements – Endogenetic Movements
  • Weathering – Exogenetic Earth Movements
  • Continental Drift Theory – Tectonics
  • See Floor Spreading – Paleomagnetism
  • Plate Tectonics – Indian Plate Movement
  • Ocean – Ocean Convergence
  • Continent – Ocean Convergence
  • Continent – Continent Convergence
  • Types of Mountains – Classification of Mountains
  • Fold Mountains – Block Mountains
  • Himalayas – Andes – Rockies – Urals – Drakensberg
  • Divergent Boundary – African Rift System
  • Volcanism – Andesitic, Basaltic – Geyser,Spring
  • Volcanic Landforms – Extrusive, Intrusive
  • Volcanism Types Based on Out Flow of Lava
  • Hotspot Volcanism – Hawaiian, Reunion Hotspot
  • Earthquakes – Seismic Waves
  • Tsunami – 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
  • Rocks – Igneous – Sedimentary – Metamorphic
  • Fluvial Erosional Landforms – River Valley
  • Fluvial Depositional Landforms – Delta Types
  • Glacial Landforms – Erosional and Depositional
  • Marine Landforms – Coastlines
  • Arid Landforms – Wind Eroded – Water Eroded
  • Karst Landforms – Stalactite, Stalagmite
  • Lake – Classification of Lakes
  • Important Lakes on Earth – Facts About Lakes
  • Plateaus Types – Major Plateaus of The World

Climatology and Climatic Regions

  • Latitudes and Longitudes – Standard Time
  • Rotation and Revolution of Earth
  • Atmosphere – Role, Structure, Composition
  • Temperature Distribution on Earth – Heat Budget
  • Adiabatic Lapse Rate – Latent Heat of Condensation
  • Pressure Belts and Wind Systems
  • Wind Movement – Coriolis Force
  • Winds – Permanent, Secondary, Local Winds
  • Temperature Inversion – Types – Effects on Weather
  • Jet Streams – Geostrophic Wind
  • Subtropical Jet Stream – Polar Jet Stream
  • Air Mass – Air Masses Classification
  • Fronts – Types of Fronts – Occluded Front
  • Humidity – Relative Humidity – Dew point
  • Condensation – Forms of Condensation – Clouds
  • Photochemical smog – Sulfurous smog
  • Types of Precipitation and Rainfall
  • Thunderstorm – Thunder Lightning – Tornado
  • Tropical Cyclones – Favorable Conditions, Formation
  • Storm Surge – Cyclones in Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal
  • Temperate Cyclones – Mid Latitude Cyclone
  • Tropical Cyclones vs. Temperate Cyclones
  • El Nino – ENSO – La Nina – El Nino Modoki – IOD
  • Polar Vortex – Ozone Hole – Ozone Depletion
  • Rainforest Climate – Tropical Evergreen Climate
  • Monsoon Climate – Monsoon Forests
  • Savanna Climate – Tropical Wet Dry Climate
  • Desert Climate – Hot Deserts, Mid-Latitude Deserts
  • Steppe Climate – Temperate Grassland Climate
  • Mediterranean Climate – Western Margin Climate
  • China Type Climate – Gulf Type, Natal Type
  • British Type Climate – European Maritime Climate
  • Taiga Climate – Coniferous forests – Lumbering
  • Laurentian Climate | Fishing off Newfoundland, Japan
  • Tundra Climate – Polar Climate – Arctic Climate

Oceanography

  • Ocean Relief – Major Ocean Relief Features
  • Marginal Seas – Bay, Gulf, Strait, Isthmus
  • Pacific Ocean – Atlantic Ocean – Indian Ocean
  • Ocean currents – Factors responsible – Effects
  • Pacific Ocean Currents – Phytoplankton
  • Atlantic Ocean Currents – Sargasso Sea
  • Indian Ocean Currents – Effect of Monsoons
  • Temperature Distribution of Oceans
  • Ocean Salinity – Vertical, Horizontal Distribution
  • Tides | Spring Tide, Neap Tide | Tidal Bore
  • Coral Reef – Fringing Reef | Barrier Reef | Atoll
  • Coral Bleaching | Zooxanthellae

Indian Geography

  • Geography Notes PDF – UPSC IAS Civil Services Exam
  • India – Geographical Extent, Frontiers
  • Indian Rock System
  • Himalayas – Himalayan Ranges
  • Himalayas – Regional Divisions
  • Himalayas – Glaciers, Valleys, Snowline
  • Mountain Passes – India & Himalayas
  • Indo – Gangetic – Brahmaputra Plain
  • Divisions of Indo – Gangetic – Brahmaputra Plains
  • Peninsular Plateau – Deccan Plateau
  • Aravalis-Vindhyas-Satpuras-Western & Eastern Ghats
  • Coastline of India – Coastal Plains of India
  • Indian Islands – Andaman-Nicobar-Lakshadweep-New Moore
  • Drainage Patterns – Discordant-Concordant
  • Drainage Systems of India
  • Indus River System – Jhelum-Chenab-Ravi-Beas-Satluj
  • Ganga – Brahmaputra River System
  • Peninsular River System vs. Himalayan River System
  • Godavari – Krishna – Mahanadi
  • Cauvery – Pennar – Subarnarekha – Ponnaiyar – Vaigai
  • Narmada – Tapti – Sabarmati – Mahi – Luni – Ghaggar
  • Indian Monsoons – ITCZ – Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone
  • Indian Monsoon Mechanism – Jet Stream Theory
  • Indian Monsoons – Easterly Jet, Tibet, Somali Jet
  • Indian Monsoons – South West, North East Monsoons
  • Western Disturbances – Cloudburst
  • Indian Climate – Climate of India
  • Winter Season – Summer Season – Indian Climate
  • South West Monsoon Season
  • Retreating Monsoon – North East Monsoon
  • Climatic Regions of India – Stamp’s, Koeppen’s
  • Forests – Natural Vegetation of India
  • Soil Profile – Soil Horizon – Soil Types
  • Soil formation in Indian Conditions
  • Alluvial Soils – Black Soils – Soil Types
  • Red Soils – Lateritic Soils – Alkaline Soils
  • Soil Degradation -Soil Erosion – Desertification
  • Soil Conservation – Various Methods

Economic Geography

  • Iron Ore Distribution across the World
  • Iron Ore Distribution in India
  • Coal – Formation of Coal – Types of Coal
  • Coal in India – Gondwana Coal – Tertiary Coal
  • Distribution of Coal across the World
  • Petroleum and Mineral Oil in India
  • Petroleum and Mineral Oil – World distribution
  • Natural Gas Distribution – World, India
  • Shale Gas | Coalbed Methane
  • Manganese ore Distribution – India, World
  • Gold | Silver Distribution – India & World
  • Copper | Nickel | Chromite Distribution
  • Bauxite | Lead & Zinc | Tungsten | Pyrites
  • Nuclear Fission | Nuclear Reactor Types
  • Uranium | Thorium – Distribution
  • India’s Three-Stage Nuclear Power Programme
  • Diamond | Graphite – Distribution India, World
  • Mica | Limestone | Non-Metallic Minerals in India

How to approach this notes?

  • You must first analyse the previous years’ prelims and mains papers to understand the pattern and nature of questions asked from Geography.
  • Use DOC file to make short notes for quick revision for both Prelims and Mains. This way you can save a lot of time.
  • UPSC is changing the nature of the questions from year to year. There is no fixed rule. Future question papers can have predominantly Static or Dynamic knowledge based questions or a mix of both. Don’t take chances, cover both.
  • You must also focus on Environment related concepts like pollution, climate change, etc. from my Environment notes.

Is this notes useful for Geography Optional?

  • Yes, it can be quite useful for creating a good base for Geography Optional. Basics is the key to quickly grasp Physical Geography concepts.

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4.84 out of 5 stars

62 reviews

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What others are saying

  1. 3 out of 3 people found this helpful
    Jayesh Bhoot

    5 out of 5 High-quality notes with the cheapest possible price

    Jayesh Bhoot (verified owner)

    You cannot go wrong with these notes. They are detailed and comprehensive. The price totally justifies their name. At this price, it blows other geography material out of the water.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your encouraging review Jayesh. All the best for CSE 🙂

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  2. One person found this helpful
    Sheena

    4 out of 5 The notes are very informative and helpful

    Sheena (verified owner)

    The notes are very informative and helpful. You’ve put in a lot of hardwork and its commendable. Can you please confirm whether the data given in the major crops pdf is verified with the recent statistics or not? Highest producer of groundnut is Gujarat or Andhra Pradesh?

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your valuable feedback.
      Major crops notes is not updated with the very recent statistics.
      According to this reliable website http://www.commoditiescontrol.com/eagritrader/commodityknowledge/groundnut/groundnut1.htm, Gujarat is the highest producer.

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  3. 5 out of 5 people found this helpful
    Sanasivaieth Swarna

    5 out of 5 The best comprehensive eBook for upsc geography

    Sanasivaieth Swarna (verified owner)

    The best comprehensive eBook for upsc geography. it is nt easy to find material for geography which is in accordance with UPSC syllabus and being a technical subject I felt many times it is difficult grasp some topics like tectonics , oceanography and climatology. but after i read pmfias books and watch their video the toughest subject become easier and interesting. Now i feel it as a beautiful subject to learn with interest. from basic to the depth the lessons are made as easy to understand and with best standard.
    salute to the hard work
    Thank you

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Sanasivaieth Swarna, thank you for your comprehensive review. All the best.

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  4. 4 out of 4 people found this helpful
    Satyendra kumar

    5 out of 5 One stop destination for geographic

    Satyendra kumar (verified owner)

    Initially , I was really worried about this subject as I was from science background and I didn’t know the basic of this subject.

    I buy alot of book on geography from online but none satisfied me

    Then I came to know about pmfias and I also buy this…

    And trust me.. its a one stop destination for geographic for upsc… go for this guys…

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Satyendra Kumar, Thank you so much for your encouraging review. We appreciate your support. All the best!

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  5. One person found this helpful
    Diganta

    5 out of 5 Huge volumes of information at such dirt-cheap prices

    Diganta (verified owner)

    Thank you for offering huge volumes of information at such dirt-cheap prices. It’s evident you’ve put in a lot of effort. Keep up the good work.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you so much Diganta for your review. All the best!

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      In the next revision I will make sure that nothing is missed.

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    • glor

      glor (verified owner)

      please also include the industrial location part. then it will become one stop solution for pre cum mains geography

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  6. Parth

    5 out of 5 Excellent work for various competitive examinations

    Parth (verified owner)

    Unparalleled work for free (pmfias.com). Different way to contribute society by sharing knowledge. Keep it up brother.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your review Parth. Good luck 🙂

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  7. Rahul S

    5 out of 5 Good especially for prelims

    Rahul S (verified owner)

    It ws useful for prelims…also covers gs for mains… great work sir

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you so much for your review Rahul. Good luck!

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  8. Rakesh

    4 out of 5 Good one

    Rakesh (verified owner)

    Good one

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your review Rakesh. All the best.

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  9. Nilas Gurung

    5 out of 5 Good notes

    Nilas Gurung (verified owner)

    Really such a great notes …

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your valuable feedback. All the best!

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  10. Mrinal Shastry

    5 out of 5 One of the best

    Mrinal Shastry (verified owner)

    Sir, it is very precise and handy. It has covered the entire syllabus and mcq’s are accurate . Thanx a lot.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your review Mrinal 🙂

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  11. Vijay Patil

    5 out of 5 Per Subject..Par Source

    Vijay Patil (verified owner)

    Excellent editing with appropriate information..Good quality detailed images..one must go..

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your review Vijay. Good luck with CSE 🙂

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  12. Rusha Mitra

    4 out of 5 The notes are awesome

    Rusha Mitra (verified owner)

    The geography notes are not downloading. Both the PDF 40 MB and the
    DOC file 63 MB are not downloading. Please give another link. I am
    very impressed by your notes. But now, I am feeling very
    dissappointed. Please help. I need it urgently.

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    • Rushi Mitra

      Rushi Mitra (verified owner)

      Thank you for your quick response 🙂

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      We regret the inconvenience caused. Your issue has been addressed over email. Thank you.

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  13. One person found this helpful
    Anurag

    5 out of 5 Excellent

    Anurag (verified owner)

    One stop solution for Geography,breaking the myths of NCERTs.
    Looking forward for the same, in Geography Optional.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thanks Old Friend 🙂

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  14. vinay ghuge

    5 out of 5 awesome

    vinay ghuge (verified owner)

    in true sense PMF

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      @ankita chouhan
      Will try. When I post I will inform you via Email. Stay subscribed to Pmfias.com newsletters https://www.pmfias.com/newsletters/

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      @manjunathgc000 Please check your email.

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    • manjunathgc000

      manjunathgc000 (verified owner)

      Such a wonderful notes… Really one must go
      Sir but I can’t download the PDF one plz get it resolved.

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    • ankita chouhan

      ankita chouhan (verified owner)

      thanq so much for compiling all 6-12 ncert syllabus sub wise n that also all in one,…………… one request could u arrange these compilations for other sub too it will b very helpul….. as i have of bio,geo n environment thts its …………. thanqq

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your review Vinay. All the best 🙂

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  15. Shefali

    5 out of 5 Query

    Shefali (verified owner)

    Good notes. World geography and all other topics of gs 1 mains are covered?

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your valuable feedback.
      Most of world geography topics are covered except Industrial locational factors.

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  16. Abhay

    5 out of 5 Good notes

    Abhay (verified owner)

    Good notes

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you for your review.

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  17. Rajat Gupta

    5 out of 5 Loved your notes

    Rajat Gupta (verified owner)

    I really loved your notes…..After downloading …..it is showing as a corrupt file…….please do something sir …… Its urgent……

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    • One person found this helpful
      PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      The issue is resolved over email.

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  18. LSR

    5 out of 5 Very useful

    LSR (verified owner)

    Bought them last year …. relying on these notes only. these notes are the hallmark of excellence.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you so much for your valuable feedback.

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  19. 5 out of 5 people found this helpful
    Praveen

    5 out of 5 All portions are covered comprehensively

    Praveen (verified owner)

    Before coming across PMFIAS i had read NCERTs thoroughly but had not read GC leong properly. I really had no idea if i was preparing in the right direction. Most of the blogs give a general idea about how to prepare geography providing a mishmash of books etc. But here all the books were clearly analysed stating pros and cons [ i came to know that spectrum geography book is good from here oly :)].Reading the strategy i knew i still had a huge portion to cover.
    Coming to the notes it is brilliant. All portions are covered comprehensively. I found difficulty in some areas like ocean currents and jet streams but i could clear it with some internet reference. But this is a very good compliation for gs mains cum prelims.

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    • manjunathgc000

      manjunathgc000 (verified owner)

      Thanks for quick response…😊😊

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thank you so much for your comprehensive feedback. In the next revision I will make sure that complex concepts are made much more simpler. All the best!

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  20. vinoth kumar N

    5 out of 5 Geography

    vinoth kumar N (verified owner)

    Just bought immediately after reading the sample. Thank u Sir.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thanks for your appreciation Tahir.

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    • One person found this helpful
      Tahir

      Tahir (verified owner)

      Best RoI. Literally fulfills the idea of poor man’s friend. Thanks to pmfias.

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    • PMF IAS

      AdminPMF IAS (verified owner)

      Thanks Vinoth 🙂

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